Carbon Sequestration

Every ton of CO2 emitted costs India $86

Carbon sequestration is the process of capturing and storing atmospheric carbon dioxide. It is one of the most efficient methods of reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere with the goal of reducing global climate change.

By 2050, around 35 million Indians could face annual coastal flooding.

Carbon is sequestered in soil by plants through photosynthesis and can be stored as soil organic carbon (SOC).

 Industrial processes where large-scale carbon capture has been utilized and is in commercial operation include coal gasification, ethanol production, fertilizer production, natural gas processing, refinery hydrogen production and coal-fired power generation.

Economic costs are pledged between $24 billion and $36 billion ONLY if emissions are cut as promised by governments.

A carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases (including carbon dioxide and methane) that are generated by our actions. The major contributors to carbon footprints are: food, consumption, processes and automation, transportation, and household energy

Carbon sinks:

Carbon sinks are mediums that store carbon, like forest, ocean, or other natural environment viewed in terms of its ability to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
  • Grasslands.
  • Agricultural Lands.
  • Tropical Rainforests.
  • Freshwater lakes, oceans, and wetlands.
  • Coastal ecosystems such as sea grass beds, kelp forests, salt marshes and swamps.
  • Coral reefs.
Carbon cycle happens though Earth’s four major reservoirs: biosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. A carbon sink is anything that absorbs more carbon from the atmosphere than it releases – for example, plants, the ocean and soil. A carbon source is anything that releases more carbon into the atmosphere than it absorbs – for example, the burning of fossil fuels or volcanic eruptions.

Are humans carbon sinks?

Since the dawn of farming, humans have been involuntarily creating a huge carbon sink that may store more carbon than all the world’s living plants. But this sink is in the last place that you’d expect to find; under the desert where it can eventually flow into an underground stream or stored in a desert aquifer.

A carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases (including carbon dioxide and methane) that are generated by our actions. The average carbon footprint for a person in the United States is about 16 tons, one of the highest rates in the world. Globally, the average carbon footprint is about 4 tons.

About Us

UNCARBON, the Carbon Offset and Climate Warrior wing of Pallisree, a 80+ year company working across India on Ecology, Afforestation, Agro-forestry with the largest nursery company in West Bengal, India and with 2000 plus employees and experts is committed to work towards India’s commitment to Paris agreement and address UN SDG’s to make our world a cooler place with carbon sequestration and offset projects.

We work across different landscapes, from Sundarbans to arid regions of South Bengal to MP, Gujrat and hope to build a Carbon network across this country and globe.

What We Do

We are on a mission to afforest 20000 ha of land and thereby sequester 600000 to 800000 MT CO2 annually.

We have two broad divisions:

Nature Based Solutions

  • Forest and Land restoration through:
    • Agrisilviculture
    • Silviculture
    • Silvipasture System
    • Agrisilvipasture System
    • Productive and Protective agroforestry System
    • Mangrove and Blue Carbon


  • Biomass Briquette

Briquetting is a way to make use of biomass residues that would otherwise go to waste or landfills, and replace the use of wood, coal, and charcoal as well as fossil fuels, thus cutting greenhouse gas emissions. Biomass briquettes are environmentally friendly, entirely renewable, and easy to implement.

We also look at other sequestration and offset methods like from plastic or other environmental hazardous waste.

Addressing UN SDGs.

  • No poverty
  • Zero Hunger
  • Decent work and economic growth
  • Sustainable cities and communities
  • Climate Action
  • Life on Land

Join us and partner with us to ride the Carbon market!

A carbon credit is a tradable permit or certificate that provides the holder of the credit the right to emit one ton of carbon dioxide or an equivalent of another greenhouse gas. It is essentially an offset for producers of such greenhouse gases. The main goal for the creation of carbon credits is the reduction of emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.

Types of Carbon Credits

There are two types of credits:

  • Voluntary emissions reduction (VER):  A carbon offset that is exchanged in the over-the-counter or voluntary market for credits.

  • Certified emissions reduction (CER): Emission units (or credits) created through a regulatory framework with the intention of offsetting a project’s emissions. The main difference between the two is that there is a third-party approved global or national certifying body that regulates the CER as opposed to the VER.

Governments or regulatory authorities set the caps on greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon credits are market mechanisms for the minimization of greenhouse gases emission.  For some organizations, the immediate reduction of the emission is not economically viable hence they may purchase carbon credits to comply with the emission cap and/or other environmental norms. Organizations that achieve the carbon offsets (reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases) are usually rewarded with additional carbon credits. The sale of credit surpluses may be utilized to subsidize or compensate for future projects for the reduction of emissions.

The introduction of Carbon credits was ratified in the Kyoto Protocol. The Paris Agreement validates the application of carbon credits and sets the provisions for governing environmental and industrial legalities to further facilitation of the carbon credits markets.

Carbon offsetting is a way to “cancel out” carbon emissions that have been released into the atmosphere. It works by letting emitters (including individuals, governments, or businesses) fund and take credit for greenhouse gas reductions from a different project or activity elsewhere. It can be concluded that the annual CO2 offsetting rate varies from 21.77 kg CO2/tree to 31.5 kg CO2/tree, hence, to compensate for 1 tonne of CO2, 31 to 46 trees are required.

May 5, 2021

The world is on a precipice of unimaginable destruction due to several anthropogenic factors. The degradation of forests and landscapes is expected to worsen, as its drivers such as climate change, population growth and agricultural encroachment increasingly threaten our environment. Action is needed to halt environmental degradation, promote sustainable resource management, and restore the damage done

Globally more than 2 billion ha of forests and other land are degraded impacting 3.2 billion people because it directly threatens their food security or livelihoods.

A milestone success in restoration

Post Amphan and Yaas, most agricultural fields are unusable due to high salinity levels. Uttarayan wildlife with the help of experts like Dr. Sen prepared a formulae for de-salinization which yielded good results.


Post treatment of high salinity soil, farmers are exultant that they could sow the initial paddy seed

Plantation of ecological important species at Jamjuri, West Bengal, India.

Jamjuri is a place in Bankura district, West Bengal, where land is known for good fertility. It comes in Onda Block, which is a community development block (CD block) that forms an administrative division in the Bankura Sadar subdivision of the Bankura district in West Bengal, India.

In the Onda CD block in 2011, among the class of total workers, roughly 39.52% of the total population were agricultural workers.

In such a typical agricultural dominant area, some grew a manmade forest of Eucalyptus in an area of almost 20 hectare which has many ill effects like:

  1. It induces soil degradation.
  2. It is also considered responsible for declining groundwater.
  3. It also decreases biodiversity as the plant is not palatable for any animals and it doesn’t allow lower storeyed hedges to grow.
  4. Since its exotic and also fast growing, it easily outruns native species of ecological importance.
  5. No agriculture can be done around since it has allelopathic effect .
  6. Its leaves are very difficult to decompose so the soil underneath the plant gets unusable and lacks essential organic matter.


Uttarayan, visited those areas and discussed the negative consequences with the land owner, helped them with alternative ideas with high economic returns. Our team managed to convince them to shift from planting Eucalyptus to create a nursery after lot of soil reclamation process. As a result it gave economic stability to local people and provided empowerment to local tribal women as they started working in the nursery and even local children got aware of the biodiversity.

Before After

  1. The land was unused.
  2. Due to lack of shrubs underneath the area lacked any biodiversity including reptiles.
  3. The place didn’t support any economic growth to local community.
  4. Women in the village used to work only in their own households.
  5. It is being used in nursery purpose.
  6. The area has now good population of birds, butterflies, dragonflies and even snakes.
  7. Almost 50 households are run by the income generated by working in the nursery.
  8. Women are now empowered and are economical self-sufficient.



Dr. Aparajita Mitra

A biotechnology expert with 28 years of professional experience.
Ph.D(Ag) from Bose Institute, Department of Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology

Recipient of the Centre for Science and Industrial Research, Senior Research Fellowship 1991-1993 and Recipient of the Women Scientist Award Fellowship of 20 lacs from the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, 2005 for the project “Identification of Disease Resistant Genetic Markers in Bamboo Spp.”


Dr. Jayasri Sarkar

Ph.D from Indian Institute of Chemical Biology.
1st class M.Sc in Biochemistry from Calcutta University.

A biotechnology expert with 30 years of professional experience. Originally trained as a biochemist, she developed deep insight into the various ways in which sustainable and high-value added products can be formulated using active ingredients found in the local flora of global biodiversity hotspots.

The Team


Mr. Sanat Kumar Das, Retd. (IFS)

Divisional Forest officer in 24 Parganas (1990-1993) , he undertook Mangrove Conservation, Protection and Development project in the SUNDERBAN BIOSHPERE RESERVE.

As a Deputy Conservator of Forests –SBR (1993-1995) his area of operations was from Sagar island to Herobhanga bordering Sajnekhali and the Sunderban Tiger Reserve from Herobhanga side to Bangladesh border.

Saurav Roy

Scientific Advisor and Director
Oceanography, Deep sea and coastal
Worked with Gold Coast City Council, EPA, along with University


Abhishek Ghosh

M.Sc. Forestry from Forest Research Institute, Dehradun with experience of working on Community Education, Awareness Generation and Conservation Strategies for Gangetic Dolphin in West Bengal and have experience of habitat restoration project in Maldevta, Dehradun. I have also been working in leading role on several projects of  ecological importance like awareness generation in society, afforestation in several parts of India, etc. under the banner of Uttarayan.


Debdarshi Misra

Qualification: B. Tech in Electrical Engineering

Career: Experienced Engineer (Electrical) with hands on experience in project management (EPC domain) & Plant Maintenance.

Total experience 10 years

Diya Sur

Ex corporate wholly dedicated to wildlife management and conservation across the country for past 15 years.

The strong group of Horticulturists, Seed and soil scientists, water specialists, Foresters, and Agro-engineers from:

Contact Us

Registered office : Chandur, Arambagh, Hooghly – 712602. 
City Office : Merlin Infinite, DN 51, 12th Floor, Unit 1205, Sector V, Salt Lake City, Kolkata – 700091.

  +91 6302074392